The question of commercial nature is essential for the assessment whether an activity shall be deemed to be as financial service activity, thus shall be subject to authorisation or not. According to the relevant provisions pursuing a specific activity is exclusively deemed to be a financial activity (thus for example acceptance of deposits, granting of loans and credits, mediation of financial services, purchase of claims etc.) if the activity is pursued on a commercial basis. The analysis of dr. Attila Penz can be read by clicking here: